Conventionally, examinations are regarded as a method of assessment of students who have been through one level of education or another at the end of a term, session or educative year.
However, among other disturbing developments that neco runz your industry is experiencing in the country nowadays, the incidence of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational system is a cardinal one that is fast assuming an even of national and international embarrassment and dangerous dimension. It is a damaging catastrophe, which if not cured soon, may destroy the nation’s all-important education sector.
Examination malpractices are generally called wrongdoings before, during or after examinations. And, without mincing words, these are having telling, unintended side effects on the state’s quality of education, just as many school leavers and graduates cannot defend their certificates. As threatening as this endemic trend can take place, urgent measures need to be put into practice for the cankerworm not to destroy the nation’s future completely eventually: it’s too critical to be neglected. And, this is actually, another cogent reason Nigeria needs meaning renaissance and value regeneration in all elements of its national life.
How does one describe what an examination malpractice is? According to Nwana (2000), examination malpractice is called the “massive and unheard of abuse of rules and regulations pertaining to internal and public examinations, beginning from the setting of such examinations through the taking of the examinations, their marking and grading, to the release of the results and the issuance of certificates. inches
In a similar spider vein, an educative has experimented with another description of this unbridled phenomenon as “the act of omission or commission intended to have a student pass examination without counting absolutely on his/her independent ability or resources. inches
Certain research findings, findings, helpful and informed submission moves of educationalists, academics, and other top stakeholders in this special sector of the state’s economy, however, have indicated that there had been one form of examination malpractice or the other before since in the early 1970s when “mass cheating was perpetrated in WAEC” (West Photography equipment Examinations Council).
Perhaps, this realisation jolted the examination body at the 2nd school level to examine critically, various manifestations and extent of this retrogressive disposition. It supposedly, listed the different forms of examination malpractice as including getting foreign materials to test halls, intermittent activities inside and outside examination halls, collusion, impersonation, loss, mass cheating and insult/assault on supervisors during tests.
Other designs of test malpractices identified by WAEC include assistance of candidates by invigilators to answer or have hint to difficult concepts, while some invigilators also go to the extent of answering some parts of the question for candidates, aside from other designs as “giraffing, contraband, round, super print, escort, missiles, and pregnant biros. inches
Nonetheless, what has happened to the you surviving of the place’s education system from then till today? Unfortunately, in the continued 21st Century, examination malpractices of varying sorts, forms and manifestations, incontrovertibly, have worsened and turn into a national problem. The unbecoming tendency voraciously, continues to eat deep into the social fabric, from the comfort of primary schools to tertiary institutions of learning across the Nigerian Federation. It is no wonder then, that the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT), of recent, passionately asked the National Assembly to declare circumstances of emergency in the education sector so as to consciously renovation the lost wonder of the once blooming industry.
While many stakeholders in the sector yet, believe that the prevalent malaise the education sector is not only perpetrated by the students alone, but also with the active connivance of other stakeholders, including teachers, security agents, test invigilators, printers, supervisors, and stuff like that, test malpractices have equally been described by some in the know of the pervasiveness of the frustrating trend as “perennial and institutionalised multibillion Naira business”, on which some depraved individuals, groups and institutions feed fat in the country currently.
But then, a pertinent question any honest-minded Nigerians ought to ask themselves as of this juncture is: How did Nigeria get to this decadent state in its education industry? Just as some major stakeholders and experts severally, have expressed sincere concerns about the continual damage continual test malpractices are wreaking on the nation, a number of factors have been advanced for this ugly development.
Among other reasons adduced for the astronomical increase in test malpractices in recent years are that in a few cases, “questions are not related to the syllabus”, and consequently, examination malpractices are encouraged. It’s also, been claimed that subject syllabuses are beyond capacity and difficult for test candidates, so they really often times battle to cope. But, are these tenable excuses for doubtful candidates and their depraved collaborators to engage in test irregularities? It’s simply indefensible for candidates to resort to test irregularities. It’s believed that with determined, conscious efforts at doing well in different worthwhile try, including examinations, “where there is a will, there is a way. inches
Many students’ rising lack of significance and preparedness to defend myself against their future, as many believe that most students these days are “not ready to learn”. For instance, it’s been observed that in most public schools in particular, students are seen roaming the streets, while some seen with home video cassettes and compact hard drives (CDs/DVDs) as well as others playing football during school hours.
Similarly, in a desperate attempt at freezing parents financially, there have been established instances in which test live questions are hurriedly resolved by school managements in collusion with hired test writers, impersonators oftentimes in “private schools’ principals’ offices” in order to please the parents to the detriment of their children’s future prospect. And, these key school representatives are expected to be role models, paragons of forthrightness, integrity, and integrity to these kids, aren’t they?
It’s been established that this anomaly is usually perpetrated simultaneously, as students write theirs in test halls, after which copies of such test solutions are made and distributed to their students for mass copying, thereby turning their schools into sanctuaries of test malpractices at worst. Reports say examiners are, indeed, getting wiser in tracking such anomalies in test answer scripts in recent years.
Certain concerned educationists, among others reasons, equally, have hinged the widespread test malpractices at different numbers of education in the Nigerian system to sloppy focus on paper qualifications, low meaning standards in schools, ‘419’ problem, candidates’ lack of confidence in themselves, anxiety about failure due to insufficient formulations, straight up laziness, decreasing societal value system resulting in all sorts of get-rich-quick arrangements, gradual loss of values such as industry and enterprise in achieving any sustainable personal success as well poor professional standards and inappropriate curricular for training of teachers.
It’s thus, no wonder that many parents and adults who are start to understand the gimmicks of certain schools in “cooking” excellent results for their children and wards in order to please them. As a result of this widespread evil practice, many parents are becoming disillusioned every day.
But, where have all these left the nation’s educational system in recent years? The effects on the stakeholders in particular and the Nigerian society in general have been significant and multifarious. One is the entrenched thinking that cheating in examinations pays, contrary to the background that societal values are fast on the decline.
However, many of these damaged stakeholders who hitherto had been making much money from the irregularities, anxiously, have discovered it harder and more tasking than in the past to disabuse the minds of these kids, that examination scams do not pay and will not take them far in life.
Test irregularities, again, have instigated groundswell of criticisms from unusual sectors over the credibility of certificates award to school leavers and graduates from our institutions of higher learning. Stark incompetence, lack of basic employable and communication skills, decreasing national capacity-building, meaningless official file corruption error in numerous sectors of the economy have become the obvious characteristics of the existing system.
A soul-searching question to ask all the stakeholders is this: Is it surprising at all that many parents and adults, irrespective of their financial capability, now seek admissions for their children and wards into tertiary institutions, whether registered or not, in neighbouring Photography equipment countries as Benin Republic, Ghana and South Photography equipment, not to mention those leaving Nigeria for the Americas, Europe and Asia to acquire education? Checks have revealed that a lot of them, including the state’s authority find a way to have lost confidence in the beleaguered education sector.
People who are still sceptical about the deepening adverse effects of test malpractices in Nigerian schools, colleges and institutes need to hear human capital recruitment professionals, HUMAN RESOURCES experts and corporate trainers when they relate their frustrations over terrible experiences they do have with many job applicants’ lack of employable orgasm simple communication skills, when up against the job of selecting suitable hands from scores of job applicants for positions in both public and private sector firms country wide.
Thus, “chances are that the average graduate we get today will not fit into any job because some of them cannot speak Basic English; some cannot write a simple letter. The quality is so bad that you spend a king’s ransom training them without getting any result, because some things that should have happened earlier in their lives did not happen, Mrs. Ijeoma Rita Obu, a human capital development professional and CEO of Clement Ashley Consulting, once lamented in her speak to BusinessDay.
Many believe Nigeria cannot afford to forget the obvious worsening, damaging effects of examination malpractices heartlessly crushing the soul of the education industry. Failure to handle this growing negative move sure would jeopardise any genuine efforts being become more intense towards realising the needed capacity-building for the achievement of Vision 20-2020 economic objective.
Contrary to an express suggestion by the National Assembly that the Nigerian Universities should stop the conduct of post-Universities Matriculation Examinations (post-UME) tests being administered by these institutions, it is helpful that the concerned authorities need to improve on the internal systems of the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) and operations of related test bodies in Nigeria. The lawmakers, nonetheless, need to realise that if such inadequacies, including examination malpractices and candidates’ poor formulations for the challenges of tertiary education wasn’t identified by these academics in the state’s Cream color Tower system earlier, the idea of post-UME would not have occured in the first place. One believes these institutions, either directly or indirectly, ought to be in involved in determining the caliber of candidates to be publicly stated for various educative programmes.
Therefore, to regenerate the fortune of the state’s education industry, proper planning, efficient administration, direction, adequate funding for the provision of teaching and learning facilities, and motivation of teachers, instructors, and other key stakeholders via timely payments of their salaries, commissions, and stipends are very consequential, since the success of any educational system largely, depends on these measures.
Though JAMB, WAEC, National Examinations Authorities (NECO), National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB) and National Teachers Institute (NTI), among others are supposedly making efforts at blacklisting and derecognising some schools and test centers over confirmed irregularities for certain intervals, appropriate governmental authorities also, must complement their efforts through the use of vigilantly, the provision of Examination Malpractice Act thirty three of 1999, stipulating punishment ranging from a superb of N50, 000 to N100, 000 and imprisonment for a term of 3-4 years with or without option of fine, in order to serve as a deterrent to other internal and external examination fraudsters who yearly feed fat on these illegalities.
Save for the rising low meaning standards in many schools, colleges and other institutions of learning these days, aside from parents and other upright individuals in the society, teachers and instructors naturally, should serve as role models to today’s students but tomorrow’s leaders. Some morally insolvent teachers, instructors, school principals and proprietors/proprietresses who have continued to connive with hired examination writers to turn their schools into havens for test malpractices, while tricking many parents with grilled ‘fantastic’ examination link between their children and wards, should desist from this shameful act. Any of them caught in the act should be prosecuted by the Independent Damaged Practices and other Related Offences commission (ICPC). What such ones do is only economic sabotage, as they are destroying the nation’s future today.
Government at all levels, as a matter of priority, should stop paying lip-service to the provision of required teaching and learning facilities in the schools, timely payment of staff salaries and perimeter benefits in order to reduce file corruption error in the state’s educational system. The practice in which Government officials and people in politics mindlessly, send their children and wards abroad on the bills of tax payers’ money for better scholarship, just as Nigeria’s school system rots away under the deadweight of possible to avoid problems will not assistance with restoring confidence in the system.
Therefore, all stakeholders within the state’s educational system should uphold the sanctity of examinations, so that quality may be reconditioned to the failing system. Everyone is required to be committed to change and get in on this necessary change in which meaning instruction, self-discipline could be employed to manage examination malpractices in Nigerian schools. Quality education remains an amazing instrument for sustainable national development.